Araştırma Makalesi
PDF EndNote BibTex Kaynak Göster

COVID-19 PANDEMİSİNDE STRESLE BAŞ ETME TARZLARI İLE İYİLİK HALİ ARASINDAKİ İLİŞKİNİN İNCELENMESİ

Yıl 2022, Cilt 7, Sayı 1, 1 - 16, 26.04.2022

Öz

Covid-19 pandemisi insanların iyilik hallerini olumsuz bir şekilde etkilemiş ve gelecekte de etkilerinin olacağı ön görülmektedir. Yapılan araştırmalar, başa çıkma tarzlarının farklı kültürlerdeki bireylerin iyilik hallerinde önemli bir etkiye sahip olduğunu göstermektedir. Zorlayıcı pandemi koşullarında ve sonrasında bireylerin iyilik hali için hangi tarzların etkin olduğu belirsizdir. Bu çalışmanın amacı, Covid-19 pandemisi sırasında bireylerin stresle başa çıkma tarzlarının iyilik hali düzeyine etkisini araştırmaktır. Araştırmaya toplam 492 birey online anket ile katılmıştır. Yapılan analizler sonucunda, psikolojik, ruhsal, entelektüel ve duygusal iyilik hali boyutlarında erkekler lehine anlamlı farklılıklar bulunmuştur. Çoklu regresyon analizi sonuçları, bireylerin iyilik hali üzerinde kendine güven, iyimser ve çaresiz başa çıkma tarzlarının boyun eğici ve sosyal destek aramaya kıyasla daha güçlü etkilerinin olduğunu göstermiştir. Bulguların bireysel ve profesyonel düzeyde kullanılması sadece devam eden pandemi sürecinde değil, aynı zamanda Covid-19 sonrasındaki iyilik hallerinde de etkili olacaktır.

Kaynakça

  • Adams, T., Bezner, J., & Steinhardt, M. (1997). The conceptualization and measurement of perceived wellness: Integrating balance across and within dimensions. American Journal of Health Promotion, 11(3), 208-218. https://doi.org/10.4278/0890-1171-11.3.208
  • Alon, T. M., Doepke, M., Olmstead-Rumsey, J., & Tertilt, M. (2020). The impact of COVID-19 on gender equality. National Bureau of Economic Research. https://doi.org/10.3386/w26947
  • Altunan, B., Unal, A., Bingöl, A., Dilek, F., & Girgin, D. (2021). Coping with stress during the first wave of the Covid-19 pandemic by Turkish people with Multiple Sclerosis: the relationship between perceived stress and quality of life. Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders, 103039. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msard.2021.103039
  • Aslund, C., Larm, P., Starrin, B., & Nilsson, K. W. (2014). The buffering effect of tangible social support on financial stress: influence on psychological well-being and psychosomatic symptoms in a large sample of the adult general population. International journal for equity in health, 13(1), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12939-014-0085-3
  • Bao, Y., Sun, Y., Meng, S., Shi, J., & Lu, L. (2020). 2019-nCoV epidemic: address mental health care to empower society. The Lancet, 395(10224), e37-e38. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30309-3
  • Benabou, R., & Tirole, J. (2000). Self confidence: Intrapersonal strategies. Woodrow Wilson School Working Paper, 209. http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.220788
  • Bhattacharya, S., & Basu, J. (2007). Ditress, wellness and organizational role stress among IT professionals: Role of life events and coping resources. Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology, 33(2), 169–178.
  • Biernacki, P., & Waldorf, D. (1981). Snowball sampling: Problems and techniques of chain referral sampling. Sociological methods & research, 10(2), 141-163. https://doi.org/10.1177/004912418101000205
  • Billings, A. G., & Moos, R. H. (1984). Coping, stress, and social resources among adults with unipolar depression. Journal of personality and social psychology, 46(4), 877. https://doi.org/10.103/0022-3514.46.4.877
  • Bland, H. W., Melton, B. F., Bigham, L. E., & Welle, P. D. (2014). Quantifying the impact of physical activity on stress tolerance in college students. College Student Journal, 48(4) 559-568.
  • Bolier, L., Haverman, M., Westerhof, G. J., Riper, H., Smit, F., & Bohlmeijer, E. (2013). Positive psychology interventions: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled studies. BMC public health, 13(1), 1-20. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-13-119
  • Braun-Lewensohn, O. (2014). Coping resources and stress reactions among three cultural groups one year after a natural disaster. Clinical Social Work Journal, 42(4), 366-374. Doi.10.1007/s10615-013-0463-0
  • Brissette, I., Scheier, M. F., & Carver, C. S. (2002). The role of optimism in social network development, coping, and psychological adjustment during a life transition. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 82, 102−111. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.82.1.102
  • Carver, C. S., Scheier, M. F., & Segerstrom, S. C. (2010). Optimism. Clinical psychology review, 30(7), 879-889. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2010.01.006
  • Chao, R. C. (2011). Managing stress and maintaining well-being: Social support, problem- focused coping, and avoidant coping. Journal of Counseling & Development, 89, 339-348. http://dx.doi. org.ezproxy.fhsu.edu:2048/10.1002/j.1556-6678.2011.tb00098.x
  • Cohen, F., & Lazarus, R. S. (1979). Coping with the stresses of illness. Health psychology: A handbook, 217-254. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, CA.
  • Cohen, S. (2004). Social relationships and health. American psychologist, 59(8), 676.
  • Conversano, C., Rotondo, A., Lensi, E., Della Vista, O., Arpone, F., & Reda, M. A. (2010). Optimism and its impact on mental and physical well-being. Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health : CP & EMH, 6, 25–29. https://doi.org/10.2174/1745017901006010025
  • Çelik, S., & Köse, G. G. (2021). Mediating effect of intolerance of uncertainty in the relationship between coping styles with stress during pandemic (COVID-19) process and compulsive buying behavior. Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry, 110, 110321.
  • Deshetler, L., Gangadhar, M., Battepati, D., Koffman, E., Mukherjee, R. K., & Menon, B. (2021). Learning on Lockdown: A Study on Medical Student Wellness, Coping Mechanisms and Motivation during the COVID-19 Pandemic. MedEdPublish, 10. https://doi.org/10.15694/mep.2021.000050.1
  • Devine, H., Quasim, T., McPeake, JM., Shaw, M., McCallum, L., MacTavish, P. (2019). Chronic Pain in intensive care unit survivors: incidence, characteristic and side effects up to one year post discharge. Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine;51:451–455. https://doi: 10.2340/16501977-2558
  • Dwyer, A. L., & Cummings, A. L. (2001). Stress, self-efficacy, social support, and coping strategies in university students. Canadian Journal of Counseling, 35(3), 208-220.
  • Edgar, T., & Manz, D. (2017). Research methods for cyber security. Syngress.
  • Estes, K. D., & Thompson, R. R. (2020). Preparing for the aftermath of Covid-19: Shifting risk and downstream health consequences. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 12(S1), S31. https://doi.org/10.1037/tra0000853
  • Folkman S. (2007). The case for positive emotions in the stress process. Anxiety Stress Coping. 2007;21:3–14. doi: 10.1080/10615800701740457.
  • Folkman, S., & Lazarus, R. S. (1980). An analysis of coping in a middle-aged community sample. Journal of health and social behavior, 219-239. https://doi.org/10.2307/2136617
  • Fullana, M. A., Hidalgo-Mazzei, D., Vieta, E., & Radua, J. (2020). Coping behaviors associated with decreased anxiety and depressive symptoms during the COVID-19 pandemic and lockdown. Journal of Affective Disorders, 275, 80-81. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2020.06.027
  • Garfin, D. R., Thompson, R. R., & Holman, E. A. (2018). Acute stress and subsequent health outcomes: A systematic review. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 112, 107–113. http://dx.doi.org/10.101 /j.jpsychores.2018.05.017
  • Gausman, J., Austin, S. B., Subramanian, S. V., & Langer, A. (2020). Adversity, social capital, and mental distress among mothers of small children: a cross-sectional study in three low and middle-income countries. PLoS One, 15(1). Doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0228435
  • Green, S. B. (1991). How many subjects does it take to do a regression analysis. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 26(3), 499–510. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327906mbr2603_7
  • Greenberg, N., Docherty, M., Gnanapragasam, S., & Wessely, S. (2020). Managing mental health challenges faced by healthcare workers during covid-19 pandemic. BMJ, 368. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m1211
  • Greenberg, L. (2006). Emotion-focused therapy: A synopsis. Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy, 36(2), 87-93. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10879-006-9011-3
  • Güzel, P., Yildiz, K., Esentaş, M., & Zerengök, D. (2020). “Know-How” to spend time in home isolation during Covid-19; restrictions and recreational activities. International Journal of Psychology and Educational Studies, 7(2), 122-131. https://doi.org/10.17220/ijpes.2020.02.011
  • Harari, M. J., Waehler, C. A., & Rogers, J. R. (2005). An empirical investigation of a theoretically based measure of perceived wellness. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 52, 93–103. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0167.52.1.93
  • Hettler, B. (1984). Wellness: Encouraging a lifetime pursuit of excellence. Health Values ,8 (4), 13-17.
  • Hobfoll, S. E. (2010). Conservation of resources theory: Its implication for stress, health, and resilience. The Oxford Handbook of Stress, Health, and Coping, 127–147. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195375343.013.0007
  • Ironson, G., Solomon, G. F., Balbin, E. G., O'cleirigh, C., George, A., Kumar, M., Woods, T. E. (2002). The Ironson-Woods Spirituality/Religiousness Index is associated with long survival, health behaviors, less distress, and low cortisol in people with HIV/AIDS. Annals of behavioral medicine, 24(1), 34-48. https://doi.org/10.1207/S15324796ABM2401_05
  • Jovančević, A., & Milićević, N. (2020). Optimism-pessimism, conspiracy theories andgeneral trust as factors contributing to covid-19 related behavior -a cross-cultural study. Personality and Individual Differences, 167, 1–6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2020.110216
  • Kang, L., Li, Y., Hu, S., Chen, M., Yang, C., Yang, B. X., Wang, Y., Hu, J., Lai, J., Ma, X., Chen, J., Guan, L., Wang, G., Ma, H., & Liu, Z. (2020). The mental health of medical workers in Wuhan, China dealing with the 2019 novel coronavirus. The Lancet Psychiatry, 7(3), e14. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(20)30047-X
  • Karakose, T., & Malkoc, N. (2021). Psychological impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on medical doctors in Turkey. Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal, 49(1), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.9890
  • Kim, Y. G., Moon, H., Kim, S.-Y., Lee, Y.-H., Jeong, D.-W., Kim, K., Moon, J. Y., Lee, Y. K., Cho, A., Lee, H.-S., Park, H. C., & Lee, S.-H. (2019). Inevitable isolation and the change of stress markers in hemodialysis patients during the 2015 MERS-CoV outbreak in Korea. Scientific Reports, 9,5676. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-41964-x
  • Kuo, L. E., Czarnecka, M., Kitlinska, J. B., Tilan, J. U., Kvetňanský, R., & Zukowska, Z. (2008). Chronic stress, combined with a high-fat/high-sugar diet, shifts sympathetic signaling toward neuropeptide Y and leads to obesity and the metabolic syndrome. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1148, 232. https://doi: 10.1196/annals.1410.035
  • Lazarus, R. S. (1990). Theory-based stress measurement. Psychological inquiry, 1(1), 3-13. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327965pli0101_1
  • Lazarus, R. S., & Folkman, S. (1984). Stress, appraisal, and coping. Springer publishing company. New York, NY.
  • Lebensohn, P., Dodds, S., Benn, R., Brooks, A. J., & Birch, M. (2013). Resident wellness behaviors. Fam Med, 45(8), 541-549.
  • Lightsey Jr, O. R. (1996). What leads to wellness? The role of psychological resources in well-being. The Counseling Psychologist, 24(4), 589-735. https://doi.org/10.1177/0011000096244002
  • Lopez-Leon, S., Wegman-Ostrosky, T., Perelman, C., Sepulveda, R., Rebolledo, P. A., Cuapio, A., & Villapol, S. (2021). More than 50 Long-term effects of COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Available at SSRN 3769978. http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3769978
  • Lu, A. (2011). Stress and physical health deterioration in the aftermath of hurricanes Katrina and Rita. Sociological Perspectives, 54(2), 229-250. http://dx.doi.org.ezproxy.fhsu.edu:2048/10.1525/ sop. 2011.54.2.229
  • Maan Diong, S., Bishop, G. D., Enkelmann, H. C., Tong, E. M., Why, Y. P., Ang, J. C., & Khader, M. (2005). Anger, stress, coping, social support and health: Modelling the relationships. Psychology & Health, 20(4), 467-495. https://doi.org/10.1080/0887044040512331333960
  • Matud, M. P. (2004). Gender differences in stress and coping styles. Personality and individual differences, 37(7), 1401-1415. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2004.01.010
  • Mowbray, H. (2020). In Beijing, coronavirus 2019-nCoV has created a siege mentality. British Medical Journal, 2020, 368. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m516
  • Myers, J. E., Sweeney, T. J., & Witmer, J. M. (2000). The Wheel of Wellness: A holistic model for treatment planning. Journal of Counseling & Development, 78, 251–266. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1556-6676.2000.tb01906.x
  • Mayordomo-Rodríguez, T., Meléndez-Moral, J. C., Viguer-Segui, P., & Sales-Galán, A. (2015). Coping strategies as predictors of well-being in youth adult. Social Indicators Research, 122(2), 479-489. DOI 10.1007/s11205-014-0689-4
  • Nunnally, J. C. (1994). Psychometric theory (3.Ed.). Tata McGraw-Hill Education.
  • Ogueji, I. A., Okoloba, M. M., & Ceccaldi, B. M. D. (2021). Coping strategies of individuals in the United Kingdom during the COVID-19 pandemic. Current Psychology, 1-7.https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-020-01318-7
  • Olver, I. N. (2013). The relationship between spiritual well-being and quality of life. In Investigating prayer (pp. 77-94). Springer, New York, NY.
  • Özçevik Subaşi, D., Akça Sümengen, A., Şimşek, E., & Ocakçı, A. F. (2021). Healthcare workers' anxieties and coping strategies during the COVID‐19 pandemic in Turkey. Perspectives in Psychiatric Care. https://doi.org/10.1111/ppc.12755
  • Özdin, S., & Bayrak Özdin, Ş. (2020). Levels and predictors of anxiety, depression and health anxiety during COVID-19 pandemic in Turkish society: The importance of gender. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 66(5), 504-511.https://doi.org/10.1177/0020764020927051
  • Park, C. L., Russell, B. S., Fendrich, M., Finkelstein-Fox, L., Hutchison, M., & Becker, J. (2020). Americans’ COVID-19 stress, coping, and adherence to CDC Guidelines. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 35(8), 2296–2303. https://doi:10.1007/s11606-020-05898-9
  • Pearman, A., Hughes, M. L., Smith, E. L., & Neupert, S. D. (2020). Age differences in risk and resilience factors in COVID-19-related stress. The Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences. https://doi:10.1093/geronb/gbaa120
  • Peterson, C., & Bossio, L. M. (2001). Optimism and physical well-being. In E. C. Chang (Ed.), Optimism & pessimism: Implications for theory, research, and practice (pp. 127–145). American Psychological Association. https://doi.org/10.1037/10385-006
  • Preti, E., Di Mattei, V., Perego, G., Ferrari, F., Mazzetti, M., Taranto, P., ... & Calati, R. (2020). The psychological impact of epidemic and pandemic outbreaks on healthcare workers: rapid review of the evidence. Current psychiatry reports, 22(8), 1-22.https://doi.org/10.1007/s11920-020-01166-z
  • Ptacek, J. T., Smith, R. E., & Dodge, K. L. (1994). Gender differences in coping with stress: When stressor and appraisals do not differ. Personality and social psychology bulletin, 20(4), 421-430. https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167294204009
  • Robinson, M. D. (2000). The reactive and prospective functions of mood: Its role in linking daily experiences and cognitive well-being. Cognition & Emotion, 14(2), 145-176.https://doi.org/10.1080/026999300378914
  • Sagone, E., & De Caroli, M. E. (2014). A correlational study on dispositional resilience, psychological well-being, and coping strategies in university students. American journal of educational research, 2(7), 463-471. DOI: 10.12691/EDUCATION-2-7-5
  • Schou, I., Ekeberg, O., & Ruland, C.M. (2005). The mediating role of appraisal and coping in the relationship between optimism–pessimism and quality of life. Psycho-Oncology, 14, 718−727. https://doi.org/10.1002/pon.896
  • Schwarzer, R. (1994). Optimism, vulnerability, and self-beliefs as health-related cognitions: A systematic overview. Psychology and Health, 9, 161−180.https://doi.org/10.1080/08870449408407475
  • Sethi-Singh,A. (1982). Stress Coping. Canadian Journal of Public Health/Revue Canadienne de Sante'e Publique, Vol. 73, No.4, 267-271. https://doi.org/ 10.2307/41994236
  • Sica, C., Latzman, R. D., Caudek, C., Cerea, S., Cerea, S., Colpizzi, I., Caruso, M., Giulini, P., Bottesi, G. (2021). Facing distress in Coronavirus era: The role of maladaptive personality traits and coping strategies. Personality and Individual Differences, 177. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2021.110833
  • Sigmon, S. T., Stanton, A. L., & Snyder, C. R. (1995). Gender differences in coping: A further test of socialization and role constraint theories. Sex roles, 33(9-10), 565-587. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01547718
  • Smith, B. J., Tang, K. C., & Nutbeam, D. (2006). WHO health promotion glossary: new terms. Health Promotion International, 21(4), 340-345.https://doi.org/10.1093/heapro/dal033
  • Strout, K. A., & Howard, E. P. (2015). Five dimensions of wellness and predictors of cognitive health protection in community-dwelling older adults: A historical collage cohort study. Journal of Holistic Nursing, 33(1), 6-18. https://doi.org/10.1177/0898010114540322
  • Sümen, A., & Adıbelli, D. (2021). Nursing students' readiness and coping strategies for the Covid-19 pandemic in Turkey. Journal of Professional Nursing, 37(3), 553-561. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.profnurs.2021.03.005
  • Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2013). Using Multivariate Statistics 6th Edition: Pearson New International Edition.
  • Taylor, S. E. , Kemeny, M. E. , Reed, G. M. , Bower, J. E. , & Gruenwald, T. L. (2000). Psychological resources, positive illusions, and health. American Psychologist, 55, 99–109. https://doi.org/ 10.1037//0003-066x.55.1.99
  • Torales, J., O’Higgins, M., Castaldelli-Maia, J. M., & Ventriglio, A. (2020). The outbreak of Covid-19 coronavirus and its impact on global mental health. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 66(4), 317-320. https://doi.org/10.1177/0020764020915212
  • Tull, M. T., Edmonds, K. A., Scamaldo, K. M., Richmond, J. R., Rose, J. P., & Gratz, K. L. (2020). Psychological outcomes associated with stay-at-home orders and the perceived impact of COVID-19 on daily life. Psychiatry Research, 289, 113098. https://doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2020.113098
  • Van Rensburg, C. J., Surujlal, J., & Dhurup, M. (2011). Exploring wellness practices and barriers: A qualitative study of university student-athletes: Physical activity, health and wellness. African Journal for Physical Health Education, Recreation and Dance, 17(2), 248-265. https://hdl.handle.net/10520/EJC19709
  • Vitaliano, P. P., Maiuro, R. D., Russo, J., & Becker, J. (1987). Raw versus relative scores in the assessment of coping strategies. Journal of Behavioral medicine, 10(1), 1-18.https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00845124
  • Walsh, R., & Shapiro, S. L. (2006). The meeting of meditative disciplines and Western psychology: a mutually enriching dialogue. American psychologist, 61(3), 227.https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.61.3.227
  • Wenham, C., Smith, J., & Morgan, R. (2020). COVID-19: The gendered impacts of the outbreak. The Lancet, 395(10227), 846–848. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30526-2
  • Wills, T. A., Sandy, J. M., & Yaeger, A. M. (2001). Time perspective and early-onset substance use: A model based on stress–coping theory. Psychology of addictive behaviors, 15(2), 118. https://doi.org/10.1037/0893-164X.15.2.118
  • Witmer, J. M., & Young, M. E. (1996). Preventing counselor impairment: A wellness approach. Journal of Humanistic Education & Development,34(3).https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2164-4683.1996.tb00338.x
  • World Health Organization (2006). The world health report 2006. Health Systems: Improving Performance. WHO,Geneva
  • Xiang, Y. T., Yang, Y., Li, W., Zhang, L., Zhang, Q., Cheung, T., & Ng, C. H. (2020). Timely mental health care for the 2019 novel coronavirus outbreak is urgently needed. The Lancet Psychiatry, 7(3), 228-229. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(20)30046-8
  • Yıldırım, M., Kızılgeçit, M., Seçer, İ., Karabulut, F., Angın, Y., Dağcı, A.,Enes-Vural, M., Bayram,N, Çinici, M. (2021). Meaning in life, religious coping, and loneliness during the coronavirus health crisis in Turkey. Journal of religion and health, 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10943-020-01173-7
  • Zacher, H., & Rudolph, C. W. (2020). Individual differences and changes in subjective wellbeing during the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic. American Psychologist. Advance online publication. https://doi:10.1037/amp00007021
  • Zhang, J., Wu, W., Zhao, X., & Zhang, W. (2020). Recommended psychological crisis intervention response to the 2019 novel coronavirus pneumonia outbreak in China: a model of West China Hospital. Precision Clinical Medicine, 3(1), 3-8. https://doi.org/10.1093/pcmedi/pbaa006

INVESTIGATING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN STRESS COPING STYLES AND WELLNESS DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC

Yıl 2022, Cilt 7, Sayı 1, 1 - 16, 26.04.2022

Öz

Covid-19 pandemic has affected the wellness of people, and it seems to do so in the future. Prior research demonstrates coping styles have a significant influence on wellness in different cultures. It is unclear what styles Turkish people may use to maintain wellness in compelling pandemic process. The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between coping styles and the level of wellness during Covid-19 pandemic. A total of 492 completed the online survey. There were significant differences in the level of psychological, spiritual, intellectual, and emotional wellness in favors of men. Multiple regression analyses showed that self-confident, optimistic, and helpless coping styles, compared to submissive and social support seeking, are much stronger predictors of wellness among Turkish people. The usage of these findings at the individual, community, and professional level might benefit wellness not only in the ongoing pandemic but also in the aftermath of Covid-19.

Kaynakça

  • Adams, T., Bezner, J., & Steinhardt, M. (1997). The conceptualization and measurement of perceived wellness: Integrating balance across and within dimensions. American Journal of Health Promotion, 11(3), 208-218. https://doi.org/10.4278/0890-1171-11.3.208
  • Alon, T. M., Doepke, M., Olmstead-Rumsey, J., & Tertilt, M. (2020). The impact of COVID-19 on gender equality. National Bureau of Economic Research. https://doi.org/10.3386/w26947
  • Altunan, B., Unal, A., Bingöl, A., Dilek, F., & Girgin, D. (2021). Coping with stress during the first wave of the Covid-19 pandemic by Turkish people with Multiple Sclerosis: the relationship between perceived stress and quality of life. Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders, 103039. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msard.2021.103039
  • Aslund, C., Larm, P., Starrin, B., & Nilsson, K. W. (2014). The buffering effect of tangible social support on financial stress: influence on psychological well-being and psychosomatic symptoms in a large sample of the adult general population. International journal for equity in health, 13(1), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12939-014-0085-3
  • Bao, Y., Sun, Y., Meng, S., Shi, J., & Lu, L. (2020). 2019-nCoV epidemic: address mental health care to empower society. The Lancet, 395(10224), e37-e38. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30309-3
  • Benabou, R., & Tirole, J. (2000). Self confidence: Intrapersonal strategies. Woodrow Wilson School Working Paper, 209. http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.220788
  • Bhattacharya, S., & Basu, J. (2007). Ditress, wellness and organizational role stress among IT professionals: Role of life events and coping resources. Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology, 33(2), 169–178.
  • Biernacki, P., & Waldorf, D. (1981). Snowball sampling: Problems and techniques of chain referral sampling. Sociological methods & research, 10(2), 141-163. https://doi.org/10.1177/004912418101000205
  • Billings, A. G., & Moos, R. H. (1984). Coping, stress, and social resources among adults with unipolar depression. Journal of personality and social psychology, 46(4), 877. https://doi.org/10.103/0022-3514.46.4.877
  • Bland, H. W., Melton, B. F., Bigham, L. E., & Welle, P. D. (2014). Quantifying the impact of physical activity on stress tolerance in college students. College Student Journal, 48(4) 559-568.
  • Bolier, L., Haverman, M., Westerhof, G. J., Riper, H., Smit, F., & Bohlmeijer, E. (2013). Positive psychology interventions: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled studies. BMC public health, 13(1), 1-20. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-13-119
  • Braun-Lewensohn, O. (2014). Coping resources and stress reactions among three cultural groups one year after a natural disaster. Clinical Social Work Journal, 42(4), 366-374. Doi.10.1007/s10615-013-0463-0
  • Brissette, I., Scheier, M. F., & Carver, C. S. (2002). The role of optimism in social network development, coping, and psychological adjustment during a life transition. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 82, 102−111. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.82.1.102
  • Carver, C. S., Scheier, M. F., & Segerstrom, S. C. (2010). Optimism. Clinical psychology review, 30(7), 879-889. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2010.01.006
  • Chao, R. C. (2011). Managing stress and maintaining well-being: Social support, problem- focused coping, and avoidant coping. Journal of Counseling & Development, 89, 339-348. http://dx.doi. org.ezproxy.fhsu.edu:2048/10.1002/j.1556-6678.2011.tb00098.x
  • Cohen, F., & Lazarus, R. S. (1979). Coping with the stresses of illness. Health psychology: A handbook, 217-254. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, CA.
  • Cohen, S. (2004). Social relationships and health. American psychologist, 59(8), 676.
  • Conversano, C., Rotondo, A., Lensi, E., Della Vista, O., Arpone, F., & Reda, M. A. (2010). Optimism and its impact on mental and physical well-being. Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health : CP & EMH, 6, 25–29. https://doi.org/10.2174/1745017901006010025
  • Çelik, S., & Köse, G. G. (2021). Mediating effect of intolerance of uncertainty in the relationship between coping styles with stress during pandemic (COVID-19) process and compulsive buying behavior. Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry, 110, 110321.
  • Deshetler, L., Gangadhar, M., Battepati, D., Koffman, E., Mukherjee, R. K., & Menon, B. (2021). Learning on Lockdown: A Study on Medical Student Wellness, Coping Mechanisms and Motivation during the COVID-19 Pandemic. MedEdPublish, 10. https://doi.org/10.15694/mep.2021.000050.1
  • Devine, H., Quasim, T., McPeake, JM., Shaw, M., McCallum, L., MacTavish, P. (2019). Chronic Pain in intensive care unit survivors: incidence, characteristic and side effects up to one year post discharge. Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine;51:451–455. https://doi: 10.2340/16501977-2558
  • Dwyer, A. L., & Cummings, A. L. (2001). Stress, self-efficacy, social support, and coping strategies in university students. Canadian Journal of Counseling, 35(3), 208-220.
  • Edgar, T., & Manz, D. (2017). Research methods for cyber security. Syngress.
  • Estes, K. D., & Thompson, R. R. (2020). Preparing for the aftermath of Covid-19: Shifting risk and downstream health consequences. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 12(S1), S31. https://doi.org/10.1037/tra0000853
  • Folkman S. (2007). The case for positive emotions in the stress process. Anxiety Stress Coping. 2007;21:3–14. doi: 10.1080/10615800701740457.
  • Folkman, S., & Lazarus, R. S. (1980). An analysis of coping in a middle-aged community sample. Journal of health and social behavior, 219-239. https://doi.org/10.2307/2136617
  • Fullana, M. A., Hidalgo-Mazzei, D., Vieta, E., & Radua, J. (2020). Coping behaviors associated with decreased anxiety and depressive symptoms during the COVID-19 pandemic and lockdown. Journal of Affective Disorders, 275, 80-81. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2020.06.027
  • Garfin, D. R., Thompson, R. R., & Holman, E. A. (2018). Acute stress and subsequent health outcomes: A systematic review. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 112, 107–113. http://dx.doi.org/10.101 /j.jpsychores.2018.05.017
  • Gausman, J., Austin, S. B., Subramanian, S. V., & Langer, A. (2020). Adversity, social capital, and mental distress among mothers of small children: a cross-sectional study in three low and middle-income countries. PLoS One, 15(1). Doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0228435
  • Green, S. B. (1991). How many subjects does it take to do a regression analysis. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 26(3), 499–510. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327906mbr2603_7
  • Greenberg, N., Docherty, M., Gnanapragasam, S., & Wessely, S. (2020). Managing mental health challenges faced by healthcare workers during covid-19 pandemic. BMJ, 368. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m1211
  • Greenberg, L. (2006). Emotion-focused therapy: A synopsis. Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy, 36(2), 87-93. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10879-006-9011-3
  • Güzel, P., Yildiz, K., Esentaş, M., & Zerengök, D. (2020). “Know-How” to spend time in home isolation during Covid-19; restrictions and recreational activities. International Journal of Psychology and Educational Studies, 7(2), 122-131. https://doi.org/10.17220/ijpes.2020.02.011
  • Harari, M. J., Waehler, C. A., & Rogers, J. R. (2005). An empirical investigation of a theoretically based measure of perceived wellness. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 52, 93–103. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0167.52.1.93
  • Hettler, B. (1984). Wellness: Encouraging a lifetime pursuit of excellence. Health Values ,8 (4), 13-17.
  • Hobfoll, S. E. (2010). Conservation of resources theory: Its implication for stress, health, and resilience. The Oxford Handbook of Stress, Health, and Coping, 127–147. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195375343.013.0007
  • Ironson, G., Solomon, G. F., Balbin, E. G., O'cleirigh, C., George, A., Kumar, M., Woods, T. E. (2002). The Ironson-Woods Spirituality/Religiousness Index is associated with long survival, health behaviors, less distress, and low cortisol in people with HIV/AIDS. Annals of behavioral medicine, 24(1), 34-48. https://doi.org/10.1207/S15324796ABM2401_05
  • Jovančević, A., & Milićević, N. (2020). Optimism-pessimism, conspiracy theories andgeneral trust as factors contributing to covid-19 related behavior -a cross-cultural study. Personality and Individual Differences, 167, 1–6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2020.110216
  • Kang, L., Li, Y., Hu, S., Chen, M., Yang, C., Yang, B. X., Wang, Y., Hu, J., Lai, J., Ma, X., Chen, J., Guan, L., Wang, G., Ma, H., & Liu, Z. (2020). The mental health of medical workers in Wuhan, China dealing with the 2019 novel coronavirus. The Lancet Psychiatry, 7(3), e14. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(20)30047-X
  • Karakose, T., & Malkoc, N. (2021). Psychological impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on medical doctors in Turkey. Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal, 49(1), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.9890
  • Kim, Y. G., Moon, H., Kim, S.-Y., Lee, Y.-H., Jeong, D.-W., Kim, K., Moon, J. Y., Lee, Y. K., Cho, A., Lee, H.-S., Park, H. C., & Lee, S.-H. (2019). Inevitable isolation and the change of stress markers in hemodialysis patients during the 2015 MERS-CoV outbreak in Korea. Scientific Reports, 9,5676. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-41964-x
  • Kuo, L. E., Czarnecka, M., Kitlinska, J. B., Tilan, J. U., Kvetňanský, R., & Zukowska, Z. (2008). Chronic stress, combined with a high-fat/high-sugar diet, shifts sympathetic signaling toward neuropeptide Y and leads to obesity and the metabolic syndrome. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1148, 232. https://doi: 10.1196/annals.1410.035
  • Lazarus, R. S. (1990). Theory-based stress measurement. Psychological inquiry, 1(1), 3-13. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327965pli0101_1
  • Lazarus, R. S., & Folkman, S. (1984). Stress, appraisal, and coping. Springer publishing company. New York, NY.
  • Lebensohn, P., Dodds, S., Benn, R., Brooks, A. J., & Birch, M. (2013). Resident wellness behaviors. Fam Med, 45(8), 541-549.
  • Lightsey Jr, O. R. (1996). What leads to wellness? The role of psychological resources in well-being. The Counseling Psychologist, 24(4), 589-735. https://doi.org/10.1177/0011000096244002
  • Lopez-Leon, S., Wegman-Ostrosky, T., Perelman, C., Sepulveda, R., Rebolledo, P. A., Cuapio, A., & Villapol, S. (2021). More than 50 Long-term effects of COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Available at SSRN 3769978. http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3769978
  • Lu, A. (2011). Stress and physical health deterioration in the aftermath of hurricanes Katrina and Rita. Sociological Perspectives, 54(2), 229-250. http://dx.doi.org.ezproxy.fhsu.edu:2048/10.1525/ sop. 2011.54.2.229
  • Maan Diong, S., Bishop, G. D., Enkelmann, H. C., Tong, E. M., Why, Y. P., Ang, J. C., & Khader, M. (2005). Anger, stress, coping, social support and health: Modelling the relationships. Psychology & Health, 20(4), 467-495. https://doi.org/10.1080/0887044040512331333960
  • Matud, M. P. (2004). Gender differences in stress and coping styles. Personality and individual differences, 37(7), 1401-1415. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2004.01.010
  • Mowbray, H. (2020). In Beijing, coronavirus 2019-nCoV has created a siege mentality. British Medical Journal, 2020, 368. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m516
  • Myers, J. E., Sweeney, T. J., & Witmer, J. M. (2000). The Wheel of Wellness: A holistic model for treatment planning. Journal of Counseling & Development, 78, 251–266. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1556-6676.2000.tb01906.x
  • Mayordomo-Rodríguez, T., Meléndez-Moral, J. C., Viguer-Segui, P., & Sales-Galán, A. (2015). Coping strategies as predictors of well-being in youth adult. Social Indicators Research, 122(2), 479-489. DOI 10.1007/s11205-014-0689-4
  • Nunnally, J. C. (1994). Psychometric theory (3.Ed.). Tata McGraw-Hill Education.
  • Ogueji, I. A., Okoloba, M. M., & Ceccaldi, B. M. D. (2021). Coping strategies of individuals in the United Kingdom during the COVID-19 pandemic. Current Psychology, 1-7.https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-020-01318-7
  • Olver, I. N. (2013). The relationship between spiritual well-being and quality of life. In Investigating prayer (pp. 77-94). Springer, New York, NY.
  • Özçevik Subaşi, D., Akça Sümengen, A., Şimşek, E., & Ocakçı, A. F. (2021). Healthcare workers' anxieties and coping strategies during the COVID‐19 pandemic in Turkey. Perspectives in Psychiatric Care. https://doi.org/10.1111/ppc.12755
  • Özdin, S., & Bayrak Özdin, Ş. (2020). Levels and predictors of anxiety, depression and health anxiety during COVID-19 pandemic in Turkish society: The importance of gender. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 66(5), 504-511.https://doi.org/10.1177/0020764020927051
  • Park, C. L., Russell, B. S., Fendrich, M., Finkelstein-Fox, L., Hutchison, M., & Becker, J. (2020). Americans’ COVID-19 stress, coping, and adherence to CDC Guidelines. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 35(8), 2296–2303. https://doi:10.1007/s11606-020-05898-9
  • Pearman, A., Hughes, M. L., Smith, E. L., & Neupert, S. D. (2020). Age differences in risk and resilience factors in COVID-19-related stress. The Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences. https://doi:10.1093/geronb/gbaa120
  • Peterson, C., & Bossio, L. M. (2001). Optimism and physical well-being. In E. C. Chang (Ed.), Optimism & pessimism: Implications for theory, research, and practice (pp. 127–145). American Psychological Association. https://doi.org/10.1037/10385-006
  • Preti, E., Di Mattei, V., Perego, G., Ferrari, F., Mazzetti, M., Taranto, P., ... & Calati, R. (2020). The psychological impact of epidemic and pandemic outbreaks on healthcare workers: rapid review of the evidence. Current psychiatry reports, 22(8), 1-22.https://doi.org/10.1007/s11920-020-01166-z
  • Ptacek, J. T., Smith, R. E., & Dodge, K. L. (1994). Gender differences in coping with stress: When stressor and appraisals do not differ. Personality and social psychology bulletin, 20(4), 421-430. https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167294204009
  • Robinson, M. D. (2000). The reactive and prospective functions of mood: Its role in linking daily experiences and cognitive well-being. Cognition & Emotion, 14(2), 145-176.https://doi.org/10.1080/026999300378914
  • Sagone, E., & De Caroli, M. E. (2014). A correlational study on dispositional resilience, psychological well-being, and coping strategies in university students. American journal of educational research, 2(7), 463-471. DOI: 10.12691/EDUCATION-2-7-5
  • Schou, I., Ekeberg, O., & Ruland, C.M. (2005). The mediating role of appraisal and coping in the relationship between optimism–pessimism and quality of life. Psycho-Oncology, 14, 718−727. https://doi.org/10.1002/pon.896
  • Schwarzer, R. (1994). Optimism, vulnerability, and self-beliefs as health-related cognitions: A systematic overview. Psychology and Health, 9, 161−180.https://doi.org/10.1080/08870449408407475
  • Sethi-Singh,A. (1982). Stress Coping. Canadian Journal of Public Health/Revue Canadienne de Sante'e Publique, Vol. 73, No.4, 267-271. https://doi.org/ 10.2307/41994236
  • Sica, C., Latzman, R. D., Caudek, C., Cerea, S., Cerea, S., Colpizzi, I., Caruso, M., Giulini, P., Bottesi, G. (2021). Facing distress in Coronavirus era: The role of maladaptive personality traits and coping strategies. Personality and Individual Differences, 177. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2021.110833
  • Sigmon, S. T., Stanton, A. L., & Snyder, C. R. (1995). Gender differences in coping: A further test of socialization and role constraint theories. Sex roles, 33(9-10), 565-587. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01547718
  • Smith, B. J., Tang, K. C., & Nutbeam, D. (2006). WHO health promotion glossary: new terms. Health Promotion International, 21(4), 340-345.https://doi.org/10.1093/heapro/dal033
  • Strout, K. A., & Howard, E. P. (2015). Five dimensions of wellness and predictors of cognitive health protection in community-dwelling older adults: A historical collage cohort study. Journal of Holistic Nursing, 33(1), 6-18. https://doi.org/10.1177/0898010114540322
  • Sümen, A., & Adıbelli, D. (2021). Nursing students' readiness and coping strategies for the Covid-19 pandemic in Turkey. Journal of Professional Nursing, 37(3), 553-561. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.profnurs.2021.03.005
  • Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2013). Using Multivariate Statistics 6th Edition: Pearson New International Edition.
  • Taylor, S. E. , Kemeny, M. E. , Reed, G. M. , Bower, J. E. , & Gruenwald, T. L. (2000). Psychological resources, positive illusions, and health. American Psychologist, 55, 99–109. https://doi.org/ 10.1037//0003-066x.55.1.99
  • Torales, J., O’Higgins, M., Castaldelli-Maia, J. M., & Ventriglio, A. (2020). The outbreak of Covid-19 coronavirus and its impact on global mental health. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 66(4), 317-320. https://doi.org/10.1177/0020764020915212
  • Tull, M. T., Edmonds, K. A., Scamaldo, K. M., Richmond, J. R., Rose, J. P., & Gratz, K. L. (2020). Psychological outcomes associated with stay-at-home orders and the perceived impact of COVID-19 on daily life. Psychiatry Research, 289, 113098. https://doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2020.113098
  • Van Rensburg, C. J., Surujlal, J., & Dhurup, M. (2011). Exploring wellness practices and barriers: A qualitative study of university student-athletes: Physical activity, health and wellness. African Journal for Physical Health Education, Recreation and Dance, 17(2), 248-265. https://hdl.handle.net/10520/EJC19709
  • Vitaliano, P. P., Maiuro, R. D., Russo, J., & Becker, J. (1987). Raw versus relative scores in the assessment of coping strategies. Journal of Behavioral medicine, 10(1), 1-18.https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00845124
  • Walsh, R., & Shapiro, S. L. (2006). The meeting of meditative disciplines and Western psychology: a mutually enriching dialogue. American psychologist, 61(3), 227.https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.61.3.227
  • Wenham, C., Smith, J., & Morgan, R. (2020). COVID-19: The gendered impacts of the outbreak. The Lancet, 395(10227), 846–848. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30526-2
  • Wills, T. A., Sandy, J. M., & Yaeger, A. M. (2001). Time perspective and early-onset substance use: A model based on stress–coping theory. Psychology of addictive behaviors, 15(2), 118. https://doi.org/10.1037/0893-164X.15.2.118
  • Witmer, J. M., & Young, M. E. (1996). Preventing counselor impairment: A wellness approach. Journal of Humanistic Education & Development,34(3).https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2164-4683.1996.tb00338.x
  • World Health Organization (2006). The world health report 2006. Health Systems: Improving Performance. WHO,Geneva
  • Xiang, Y. T., Yang, Y., Li, W., Zhang, L., Zhang, Q., Cheung, T., & Ng, C. H. (2020). Timely mental health care for the 2019 novel coronavirus outbreak is urgently needed. The Lancet Psychiatry, 7(3), 228-229. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(20)30046-8
  • Yıldırım, M., Kızılgeçit, M., Seçer, İ., Karabulut, F., Angın, Y., Dağcı, A.,Enes-Vural, M., Bayram,N, Çinici, M. (2021). Meaning in life, religious coping, and loneliness during the coronavirus health crisis in Turkey. Journal of religion and health, 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10943-020-01173-7
  • Zacher, H., & Rudolph, C. W. (2020). Individual differences and changes in subjective wellbeing during the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic. American Psychologist. Advance online publication. https://doi:10.1037/amp00007021
  • Zhang, J., Wu, W., Zhao, X., & Zhang, W. (2020). Recommended psychological crisis intervention response to the 2019 novel coronavirus pneumonia outbreak in China: a model of West China Hospital. Precision Clinical Medicine, 3(1), 3-8. https://doi.org/10.1093/pcmedi/pbaa006

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Sosyal
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Mehmet AVCI> (Sorumlu Yazar)
RECEP TAYYİP ERDOĞAN ÜNİVERSİTESİ, EĞİTİM FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0002-8298-8985
Türkiye


İlknur KİRAZ AVCI>
Rize Devlet Hastanesi, Psikiyatri
0000-0002-6800-9437
Türkiye

Erken Görünüm Tarihi 26 Nisan 2022
Yayımlanma Tarihi 26 Nisan 2022
Başvuru Tarihi 11 Ekim 2021
Kabul Tarihi 8 Şubat 2022
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022, Cilt 7, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { tursbad1008115, journal = {Türk Sosyal Bilimler Araştırmaları Dergisi}, issn = {2548-009X}, eissn = {2548-0103}, address = {}, publisher = {Hasan Kalyoncu Üniversitesi}, year = {2022}, volume = {7}, number = {1}, pages = {1 - 16}, title = {INVESTIGATING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN STRESS COPING STYLES AND WELLNESS DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC}, key = {cite}, author = {Avcı, Mehmet and Kiraz Avcı, İlknur} }
APA Avcı, M. & Kiraz Avcı, İ. (2022). INVESTIGATING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN STRESS COPING STYLES AND WELLNESS DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC . Türk Sosyal Bilimler Araştırmaları Dergisi , 7 (1) , 1-16 . Retrieved from https://tursbad.hku.edu.tr/tr/pub/issue/69571/1008115
MLA Avcı, M. , Kiraz Avcı, İ. "INVESTIGATING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN STRESS COPING STYLES AND WELLNESS DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC" . Türk Sosyal Bilimler Araştırmaları Dergisi 7 (2022 ): 1-16 <https://tursbad.hku.edu.tr/tr/pub/issue/69571/1008115>
Chicago Avcı, M. , Kiraz Avcı, İ. "INVESTIGATING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN STRESS COPING STYLES AND WELLNESS DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC". Türk Sosyal Bilimler Araştırmaları Dergisi 7 (2022 ): 1-16
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - INVESTIGATING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN STRESS COPING STYLES AND WELLNESS DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC AU - Mehmet Avcı , İlknur Kiraz Avcı Y1 - 2022 PY - 2022 N1 - DO - T2 - Türk Sosyal Bilimler Araştırmaları Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1 EP - 16 VL - 7 IS - 1 SN - 2548-009X-2548-0103 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2022 ER -
EndNote %0 Türk Sosyal Bilimler Araştırmaları Dergisi INVESTIGATING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN STRESS COPING STYLES AND WELLNESS DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC %A Mehmet Avcı , İlknur Kiraz Avcı %T INVESTIGATING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN STRESS COPING STYLES AND WELLNESS DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC %D 2022 %J Türk Sosyal Bilimler Araştırmaları Dergisi %P 2548-009X-2548-0103 %V 7 %N 1 %R %U
ISNAD Avcı, Mehmet , Kiraz Avcı, İlknur . "INVESTIGATING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN STRESS COPING STYLES AND WELLNESS DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC". Türk Sosyal Bilimler Araştırmaları Dergisi 7 / 1 (Nisan 2022): 1-16 .
AMA Avcı M. , Kiraz Avcı İ. INVESTIGATING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN STRESS COPING STYLES AND WELLNESS DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC. JOTSSR. 2022; 7(1): 1-16.
Vancouver Avcı M. , Kiraz Avcı İ. INVESTIGATING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN STRESS COPING STYLES AND WELLNESS DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC. Türk Sosyal Bilimler Araştırmaları Dergisi. 2022; 7(1): 1-16.
IEEE M. Avcı ve İ. Kiraz Avcı , "INVESTIGATING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN STRESS COPING STYLES AND WELLNESS DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC", Türk Sosyal Bilimler Araştırmaları Dergisi, c. 7, sayı. 1, ss. 1-16, Nis. 2022